The Siberian Husky is a working dog, capable of towing light loads at moderate speed over long distances.
Agile, powerful and very resistant to effort, the Siberian husky is a dog full of good will, gentle, awake and sociable.
THE CHUKTCHES DOG, Originally from Eastern Siberia, the Siberian Husky appeared 2000 years BC. BC, with the Chukchi or Chukchis, a people of Paleosiberian origin. Although few in number, these reindeer herders still live in semi nomads, in an area stretching from the Kolyma River to the Chukotka Peninsula, opposite Alaska.
In the harsh Arctic conditions, dogs help the Chukchi in their day-to-day tasks: hunting, fishing, guarding and, of course, pulling sleds while on the move. Puppies are the children’s playmates who integrate them into family life and share their habitat with them. In 1867, the United States bought Alaska from the Russians for a pittance. Shortly thereafter, gold deposits are discovered triggering a real rush. In these snowy regions, dog sledges are the only means of transportation. All kinds of dogs are recruited to meet the demand. The first speed races are organized at the beginning of the century. Wanting to participate in these competitions, a Russian fur trader, William Goosak, imports nine dogs from the Chukchi in Alaska and in 1909 makes them participate in the mythical Garlic Alaska Sweepstakes, 656 km long.
The mockery of competitors criticizing the pace the puny of his dogs dry up quickly; Goosak and his pack take third place. Since then, many Siberian dogs are imported and farms are created. From competition to competition, this race is so successful that it does not take long to win. In Alaska, “husky” refers to all dogs used to pull sleds or to hunt seals and means “hoarse”. This denomination is perfect for Siberian husky. This dog does not know how to bark and just emits a hoarse sound to communicate.
In 1930, the American Kennel Club officially recognizes the Siberian husky. The arrival of this breed in France in 1972 triggers a real craze with the public. In just eight years, its population has climbed to 25,000. Prized for its wild beauty, its wolf look, its “authenticity”, it is bought indiscriminately during twenty years by people ignorant of all its needs and its character. This success ended with a sad influx of huskies into animal shelters. Intensive livestock farming is developed to meet the high demand has of course hurt the physical and psychological quality of the huskies.
Today, to the delight of the serious and passionate breeders, the “huskymania” has diminished. The public finally realized the husky’s needs: to have space, time, and to provide this canine athlete with daily training.
Accustomed to the harsh conditions of the Arctic, the Siberian Husky has a very good memory and an excellent sense of direction. With a superior intelligence, he knows how to take initiatives. It is a dog with a particularly strong nerve impulse and a great vitality. Extremely kind to humans, the husky is particularly sociable. It does not necessarily attach to one person and can change masters without experiencing psychological trauma. With children is affectionate.
Pack dog, the husky needs hierarchical rules. In this case, it is the master who must play the role of pack leader, dominant, loyal and above all flawless.
Independent, ignoring the free submission, a little stubborn because of his initiative, the husky is certainly not easy to educate.
- Size: male: from 53.5 to 60 cm; female: 50.5 to 56 cm.
- Weight: male: from 20.5 to 28 kg; female: from 15.5 to 23 kg.
- Medium size, harmonious body, moderately compact and well muscled
- Solid, straight back, horizontal from withers to rump.
- Tense and dry kidney (we feel the pelvis and the joints).
- Chest high and strong without being too wide.
- Ribs well arched starting from the column and flattened on the sides
- Shoulder implanted obliquely to ensure optimal elongation (theoretical angle of
- about 45 °).
- The arm slants slightly to the back, from the tip of the shoulder to the elbow.
- Front and rear legs perfectly parallel, moderately spaced and well plumb.
- In the back, the thighs are powerful, the stifles (knees) well angulated and the hocks well down.
- Oval, compact feet with thick, hard soles protected by longer hair between toes and pads.
- Tail “brushed” and very provided carried above the line of the back in “sickle” when the dog is attentive, or “dragging” at work and at rest (it is not rolled like in the other Nordic dogs) .
- Neck of medium length and curved supporting a well cut head at the marked stop.
- The length of the chamfer (from the truffle to the stop) is equal to the distance from the stop to the occiput.
- Perfect teething scissors. No tooth absence should be tolerated.
- Black truffle, liver or flesh tint matching the color of the dress.
- Blue, brown, particulate or minnow eyes, almond-shaped, moderately spaced, and arranged very slightly obliquely, have a lively and friendly expression.
- Ears attached high and close together relatively small, triangular and carried very straight.
- Double-length, medium-length fur with a straight, somewhat layered coat and a soft undercoat